Mary Shelley, Frankenstein

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These visions faded when I perused, for the first time, those poets whose effusions entranced my soul and lifted it to heaven.d I also became a poet and for one year lived in a paradise of my own creation; I imagined that I also might obtain a niche in the temple where the names of Homer and Shakespeare are consecrated. You are well acquainted with my failure and how heavily I bore the disappointment. But just at that time I inherited the fortune of my cousin, and my thoughts were turned into the channel of their earlier bent.

Six years have passed since I resolved on my present undertaking. I can, even now, remember the hour from which I dedicated myself to this great enterprise. I commenced by inuring my body to hardship. I accompanied the whale-fishers on several expeditions to the North Sea; I voluntarily endured cold, famine, thirst, and want of sleep; I often worked harder than the common sailors during the day and devoted my nights to the study of mathematics, the theory of medicine, and those branches of physical science from which a naval adventurer might derive the greatest practical advantage. Twice I actually hired myself as an under-mate in a Greenland whaler, and acquitted myself to admiration. I must own I felt a little proud when my captain offered me the second dignity in the vessel and entreated me to remain with the greatest earnestness, so valuable did he consider my services. And now, dear Margaret, do I not deserve to accomplish some great purpose? My life might have been passed in ease and luxury, but I preferred glory to every enticement that wealth placed in my path.h Oh, that some encouraging voice would answer in the affirmative! My courage and my resolution is firm; but my hopes fluctuate, and my spirits are often depressed. I am about to proceed on a long and difficult voyage, the emergencies of which will demand all my fortitude: I am required not only to raise the spirits of others, but sometimes to sustain my own, when theirs are failing.

This is the most favourable period for travelling in Russia. They fly quickly over the snow in their sledges; the motion is pleasant, and, in my opinion, far more agreeable than that of an English stagecoach. The cold is not excessive, if you are wrapped in furs—a dress which I have already adopted, for there is a great difference between walking the deck and remaining seated motionless for hours, when no exercise prevents the blood from actually freezing in your veins. I have no ambition to lose my life on the post-road between St. Petersburgh and Archangel.h I shall depart for the latter town in a fortnight or three weeks; and my intention is to hire a ship there, which can easily be done by paying the insurance for the owner, and to engage as many sailors as I think necessary among those who are accustomed to the whale-fishing. I do not intend to sail until the month of June; and when shall I return? Ah, dear sister, how can I answer this question? If I succeed, many, many months, perhaps years, will pass before you and I may meet. If I fail, you will see me again soon, or never. Farewell, my dear, excellent Margaret. Heaven shower down blessings on you, and save me, that I may again and again testify my gratitude for all your love and kindness.

Your affectionate brother,     R. Waltond

X [d] those poets whose effusions entranced my soul…

Writing & Reading

The novel's three principals, Walton, Frankenstein, and the monster, write and speak in distinct and at times highly rhetorical ways, more literary than oral, the monster's language being the most eloquent. All three are to varying degrees self-educated, their education dependent on their reading. Hence their speech seems often too formal and unconversational. While Walton is in fa…

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X [h] My life might have been passed in ease and lu…

Writing & Reading

Perhaps the model for this is the towering figure of Lord Byron (Search, and introductory annotation), the most famous poet of his day. 

Byron inherited one of England's grandest estates, Newstead Abbey, and at this time was the most lionized literary figure in Europe. No less idealistic than Walton, Byron determined to liberate Greece from Turkish domination. He sold his estate in…

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X [h] Archangel.


Archangel, which sits on the coast of the White Sea, is about 450 miles east northeast of St. Petersburg.


X [d] Walton

Writing & Reading

The names Robert Walton and Margaret Saville establish the two as classically English, which gives the novel a reassuringly British anchorage for events that involve foreign names and almost entirely foreign venues. Some of Shelley's readers might link Robert with Izaak Walton, whose most famous work is …

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